Eye Health | The Fred Hollows Foundation NZ

Tag term summary

  • Corneal opacity

    Corneal opacity is a risk in countries such as Papua New Guinea where eye trauma presents at alarmingly high levels.

  • Trachoma

    Trachoma is most common in the poorer rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia and the Middle East. In Australia, trachoma is almost exclusively found within the Indigenous population.

  • Diabetic retinopathy

    Diabetes-related eye disease, also known as diabetic retinopathy, affects people with diabetes whose delicate retinal blood vessels are more likely to weaken and expand, leak, or bleed, resulting in scarring in and about the retina (the “seeing” layer of the eye), which results in blindness or severe vision loss. Vision loss is caused by two processes:

  • Macular degeneration

    Macular degeneration is the most common cause of untreatable blindness in developed countries. It is becoming more common throughout the world as the average age of the population increases.

  • Refractive error

    Globally, refractive error is responsible for 42% of visual impairment. Untreated refractive error can result in a person's vision being so poor that they are classified as being blind.

  • Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is an eye disease causing damage to the optic nerve. What is glaucoma? Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve at the back of the eye is damaged, often in association with an increase in pressure inside the eye.

  • Cataract blindness

    Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the world. While easily treated with surgery, most people affected by cataracts live in developing countries where eye health services are difficult to access, costly or are simply not available.

  • Anatomy of the eye

    The eye The eye is the organ of sight. The eye is an especially important organ as it often reflects general health. Retinal blood vessels can show the first signs of disease affecting the rest of the body.